Survey of Trafficking in Persons in Central Asia

January 1, 2004


This one-year project focused on the assessment of the incidence of trafficking in persons for Central Asia, with particular emphasis on the link between labour migration and trafficking in women and children, as well as transit and destination patterns.

The study focuses on data collected from Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Various estimated figures suggest that each of these countries has developing trafficking problems with inter-regional flows.


  • Secondary analysis of country-level data
  • Previous research and reliable media coverage;
  • Official statistics and records including court cases;
  • Analysis of data collected by 5 national researchers through 92 structured interviews and focus groups;
  • Feild visists to Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan.

Major flows of trafficking for labour exploitation within the region and out to Russia were documented alongside emerging routes for sexual exploitation to Israel, the Gulf States and Lebanon.

The report asks key questions about whether the relationship between trafficking and smuggling is best understood as a continnum

See Research Report: Fertile Fields: Trafficking in Persons in Central Asia

Grant Holder: CWASU

Sponsor: International Organisation for Migration (IOM)

  • Project Team:
    Liz Kelly