Synthesis Study on Human Trafficking and Smuggling in Terms of Impact on Poverty Reduction

January 1, 2004


Human trafficking and smuggling are increasingly significant components of human migration across the world, both in terms of volume and the connections with criminal activity. A major motivation of those who are trafficked or smuggled for employment is the alleviation of their own, or their family’s poverty. This short study provided recommendations on how the Department for International Development (DfID) could maximise the benefits and minimise the risks of migration through addressing human trafficking and smuggling, and its impact on poverty reduction.


  • Review existing knowledge on the extent to which migration and remittances contribute to poverty reduction;
  • Analysis of global legal and illegal migration;
  • Explore the extent to which trafficking and smuggling are part of the migration processes, and the dangers involved;
  • Critical gender analysis of existing legal migration routes;
  • Analyse legal and policy frameworks at international, regional and national levels, that can maximise the earning potential of migrants and minimise the extent to which they are economically and socially marginalized.

Grant Holder: CWASU

Sponsor: Department of International Development (DfID)

  • Project Team:
    Liz Kelly, P Sen