EXPLORING THE LINKS BETWEEN EXTREMISM AND VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
We have been developing work on religious and racial supremacist movements (fundamentalism, the Far Right and Alt Right) and the connections with violence against women and girls (VAWG). This includes a report on a roundtable discussion with VAWG sector groups and a literature review.
The round table report presents findings from discussions with the violence against women and girls sector on how extremism and radicalisation featured in their work, and their responses on what should or could be the role of the VAWG sector in challenging racial and religious supremacism.
The literature review provides a focus on religious supremacism and fundamentalism on the one hand and racial or white supremacism, on the other. It explores what we know about the links between these formations and VAWG through five crosscutting themes: purity and imperialism; intimate partner and family violence; sexual violence; anti-feminism; and masculinity.
One aspect of the emerging thinking across this work is the striking similarities and differences across supremacist formations, specifically:
- gendered nostalgia for the past and gendered claims to racial and religious purity;
- a reassertion of the central place of the patriarchal family and male sexual entitlement;
- the connections not just to domestic violence but forms of sexual violence;
- an explicit anti-feminism.
This work has identified key elements of a future programme of work for us and Dr Sukhwant Dhaliwal said:
‘Religious and racial supremacist movements have been expanding their reach for some time now. There are regular media reports on terrorist histories of violence against women but there has been little systematic academic work in this area and almost nothing that compares these two streams of supremacist violence or engages the VAWG sector. Through the Roundtable and the Literature Review, we are beginning to address this important gap in academic knowledge of gender and terrorism’.